WILLIAM TON HTTHBOIDT. §61 of speculation in German education was felt, but not acknowledged, and especially natural philosophy was scurvily treated. The most that was permitted was the introduction of a few Kantish doctrines. "William von Humboldt thought that none of the philosophic systems of that period could claim any consideration. He thought that young clever men might emulate with each other as private lecturers, and that the prize could then be given to the victor. A professor of philosophy certainly was required, but then Fichta was there, and Schleierraacher, though a theologian^ was a profound philosopher/^ Berlin has certainly only lately "become the cMef seat of the new philosophy; it is perhaps also correct that Humboldt was not sufficiently just towards these studies; as he considered them in general to be retro- gressive in their effects. But it may be questioned whether Schelling would not have been gladly wel- comed, if he could have been induced to join the uni- versity, or if the contrast between him and Fichte had not been too great. Humboldt has at least highly praised Schelling* s merits in improving the philosophic diction of the Germans, and he probably agreed with Schelling in many points of his philosophy, although he would have wished to have had it explained in a more natural manner, and with more critical ability. But if Steffens* reproach only means that it was very wrong not to give him an appointment at the uni- versity5 it seems as if he w*ere making himself the judge in his own cause. The majority of the thinking heads of Germany will certainly not blame Humboldt for being somewhat suspicious of the philosophy of a roan in whom a profound contemplation of ztatBie was indissolubly allied to a degree of mysticism. highly dangerous to liberality of thought. Humboldt always remained consistent in this aversion, and not only opposed all Schleiermacher's influence in endeavour- ing to procure Steffens* appointment, but -frequently expressed his regret at the intellectual errors of this otherwise clever thinker.